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Unit 1 - Tourism

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    PONTIFCIA UNIVERSIDADE CATLICA DE MINAS GERAIS INSTITUTO DE CINCIAS HUMANAS

    CURSO DE LETRAS

    Trabalho apresentado disciplina

    Estgio Supervisionado

    (8 perodo)

    Profa. Rosana Silva do Esprito Santo

    Alunos:

    Unit 1- Cristina Bacarat Juliana Ramos Jussara Cristina H. da Silva

    Unit 2- Camila Anglica de Rezende Amaral

    Eduarda Cristina Cordeiro de Figueiredo

    Unit 3- Melnya Fiaux Nicholas Andrade

    Unit 4-Flavia Ramos Lemos da Silva Laryssa Cristina Castro Gomes

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    Tourism in BRAZIL

    Unit 1

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    Pre-reading

    Is Bahia special for you?

    Read the text below and find why it is special.

    Unit 13

    Test19

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    WHY IS BAHIA SO SPECIAL?

    Bahia is the largest of the

    northeastern states of Brazil. Its

    capital, Salvador, founded in

    1549, (and often referred to

    simply as "Bahia"), is commonly

    believed by most Brazilians to be

    the soul of Brazil.

    Historically, Bahia was where the

    original Portuguese settlers built

    their first city in Brazil and it was to remain the seat of political, administrative and economic

    power until 1763 when the capital moved to Rio de Janeiro, a thousand miles to the south. Bahia

    was also the source of the initial wealth of the colony as through its massive sugar cane and

    tobacco plantations supplying the expanding markets of Europe. Evidence of this wealth and

    Bahias golden era is to be seen in Salvadors famous Pelourinho district, which houses the

    largest, and best preserved complex of colonial architecture in the Americas.

    Culturally, the population of Bahia grew as the work force for these plantations were brought as

    slaves from Africa, mainly from West Africa. The heritage of these slaves, mainly Yorub

    speaking, permeates the city to this day. The predominant influence is the Candombl, the

    worshipping of the ancestral deities or orix's (orish) from Africa, an animist religion where

    each deity represents one of the elements of nature. These orix's are worshipped in the

    thousands of terreiro's (places of worship) in Bahia and in the cycle of popular festival which

    take place during the summer months. Yemanj, the goddess of the sea; Oxum, the goddess of

    rivers and lakes, and Oxal, the god of creation are some of the more important orix's in the

    vast pantheon.

    This permeating African influence can be felt by all the five senses:

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    The visual arts have always been important in Bahia and Salvador is famous for its naive style

    where painters use strong, bold colors and an apparent simplicity which belies the often

    intricate, densely detailed works.

    The music of Bahia has enjoyed a huge audience worldwide for many years beginning with the

    "Tropicalia"

    sound of Joo Gilberto, Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa and Gilberto Gil. Recent new sounds include

    those of Carlinhos Browns Timbalada and the resurgence of the Afro drumming troupes of Il

    Aiy, Araketu and Olodum, who have worked extensively with international musicians such as

    Paul Simon

    .

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    Dance traditions have always been strong in Bahia and these dances yet again can be traced

    back to Africa and the Candombl. The most spectacular demonstration of this is the capoeira, a

    martial art/dance of Angolan origin in which the blows are given with the feet in a mesmerizing

    dance of attack and defense

    The local cuisine with its delicious, subtle blend of dend (palm oil), tomatoes, coconut milk

    and fresh coriander leaf is a pleasure to the palate. Colorful street vendors sell the famous

    acaraj, a bean dumpling deep-fried in the palm oil, in their traditional costumes.

    It is for all of these reasons that Salvador has been called "Africa in exile", where 80% of it's

    population of over 2 million people have African blood coursing in their veins.

    READING

    2)Write T(True) or F (False).

    ____ Historically, Bahia was where the original Portuguese settlers built their first city in

    Brazil.

    ____ Its capital, Salvador, founded in 1549.

    ____ The heritage of these slaves, mainly Yorub speaking, permeates the city to this day.

    ____ Culturally, the population of Bahia grew as the work force for these plantations were

    brought as slaves from Asia.

    _____ The visual arts have always been important in Bahia and Salvador is famous for its naive

    style where painters use strong, bold colors.

    _____ The most spectacular demonstration of this is the volleybol.

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    3) Match the examples with the definitions:

    a. Yemanj ( ) The god of creation.

    b. Oxum ( ) The goddess of rivers and lakes.

    c. Oxal ( ) The goddess of the sea.

    4) Match the words or expressions from the text with their synonyms.

    a.Always ( ) At all times.

    b.Yet ( ) In addition, too.

    c.Also ( ) Many, much.

    d.More ( ) Every, two or more.

    e)Each ( )Up till now.

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    5 - Complete with the months of the year

    Merry Christmas!! Halloween!! Happy Easter!! Independence day !

    December October .

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    Speaking

    1)-Discuss the following with a classmate:

    a)What was the last time you travelled?

    b)Do you always travel with their parents?

    c)What month do you usually travel?

    d)Do you travel on the weekend?

    2) -Discuss with a partner.

    a)What do you know about these famous people?

    Joo Gilberto, Caetano Veloso, Gal Costa,

    Gilberto Gil, Carlinhos Brown, Timbalada,

    Il Aiy, Araketu, Olodum and Paul Simon.

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    b)Work in groups of three and choose someone famous from above and do a short research to

    present to your classmates.

    WRITING

    2) Salvador, Bahia's capital, is a beautiful city.

    Write five sentences that show the qualities of that city.

    a)______________________________________________________________________.

    b)______________________________________________________________________.

    c)______________________________________________________________________.

    d)______________________________________________________________________.

    e)______________________________________________________________________.

    Imagine that the manager of the CVC travel agency calls you saying that you and your family have

    just been lucky and won a seven-day-trip all included to Salvador. Now you have to choose the

    hotel or hostel in which you will be staying.

    Do a research on the Internet about hotels and hostels in Salvador, write the location and what each

    place offers, for example, lunch, dinner, breakfast, tours, among others.

    Place 1

    Place 2

    Place3

    Place4

    2 - Now that you and your family have visited some places in Salvador and even watched the show

    from the "Banda Olodum. Write an e-mail to your friends that make some comment on the show.

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    3 - Unfortunately the seven days passed quickly and you are back to Belo Horizonte. Write a short

    report about your trip.

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    LISTENING

    What you know about Gilberto Gil?

    In 1972 Gilberto Gil launched the song `` Back to Bahia``. Do you know another

    song that he sings? Listen to Three little birds

    Three Little Birds

    Gilberto Gil

    Composio: Bob Marley

    Dont worry about a thing

    cause every little thing is gonna be alright

    dont worry about a thing

    every little thing is gonna be alright

    Rise up this morning

    smiled with the rising sun

    three little birds

    pitch by my door step

    singing sweet songs

    of melodies pure and true

    saying, this is my message to you:

    dont worry about a thing

    cause every little thing is gonna be alright

    dont worry about a thing

    every little thing is gonna be alright...

    1) Notice how the sound /th/ is pronounced:

    Thing

    This With

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    Sing the song again and pay attention t the /th/ sound.

    LEXIS AND GRAMMAR

    Why Bahia Is So Special?

    The word MY was taken from the song It is called a possessive adjective.

    e.g. This is my message to you.

    PRONOUNS AND POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVES

    I my

    YOU your

    HE his

    SHE her

    IT its

    WE our

    YOU your

    THEY their

    My

    ballon

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    Complete the sentences with possessive adjectives:

    1- That is my father. _______ name is Greg.

    2- Is this _______ book, Robert?

    3- Mary and Ruth are sisters. _______ father is Mr. Brown.

    4- That is Gwen. _______ boyfrien