telecom basico

Download Telecom Basico

Post on 23-Mar-2016

214 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Curso bsico de Telecom.

TRANSCRIPT

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico

    Prof. MSc. Eng. Getlio Teruo Tateoki

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 2

    !" !"

    !"#$% !"##%

    #$#!%'($))*+,)$-!.)/01#()0!2)$%&'()*%#')% /)*%+,,%- ,334- 3564.7&3897.%&//%00%10:'( :: $00'( :'(; :%/?9=*/> :%/##(=3*/> :%/84.=@> :%#/+=,3> :)3 $- %123$

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 3

    %45&6-/ ;/0A3 : ;/0A# :%'- '-9B 96C0$96C5$96 &96DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD 0$96DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD 596DDDDDDDDDDDDDDDDD / /E /E / ;*'-**" /- /" /4 /!4 %"%'4*$%7+7,*%+7+,)&96 )965+F1=5$> 7)96/9 7)/$4 7) /$4 7,8+/??$;:9#(.!9&!G: 9#(.5+F1&5G:9#(.5&G: ##.%9#7&34 734E 7 34, 7H 7349. 7 &! 7&; /%:#;I&I ?#3#=#J3J#(H>DDDDDDDD

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 4

    )&

    G/;;$K!3$*'@#;3'30!(;;$K!3$*'@#;3'

    ! (;!(

    !"#

    #/&;#**"L/##9/":*$*"#$-&/#/3&/"&:):%*$$!;'%&'()*+),)-%+

    '5KCK'E-#(;#9L;%!M/;#9L;%'*.#/

    '-*;NIII

    &&001112!22!

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 5

    !"09-.(C9 E9C (9 9"C999. 999C--0-08669E999;00

    ..9C."4-C-E(O906

    +E9C 8 9 . C

    054+- E-0C0-C 2C @ 9( .C 949C0 /.;9(9.".6 .? 0 ( 9 . 9 .89E.@.EE/5C9E9#.0"+.0?409+99.0C0999.

    C..E+"99.

    9P9(.!./0E4!6K(*=7I >+7)+9.C

    E9(/-0 :C01#(*=7 II >C O" (. 49 /0 ;EB 9 . 9

    9.8C9-+C-P29.C99.+0.99

    ;7)C04(93=77>-( 99 C +C99 .(C ? 0- + .. 9

    0- (. 9 +0(. .;E 9E 9. - + . E9 0A ( /3 0AC ( 0Q 9 -E -+9EE

    R E C 9-EE 9# - 9C90-C. ..999

    EC*-9-0A5.7)CS(-C999CO-E0- C 4 5* 9 ( ;( KJ =7)I:> + E+9,.0?.KJO * 9 - (OC 9. (-(

    5 9 4 O .. . 9C0- C99C4949+.O090'-904

    9(C(/0?+( ::

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 6

    $;$3?,,;!/;';5?,!

    $,,+.69(E07)C.99#(0 ; 00 )C . .- ;@;9 0" #.;(0A 5 ! R * ; ,% . 7IC $ ,, #9( /9( *C O 9S/-9(#9JC 9"/0*.

    ,/T3,#?$!/;';5?,!?*3!,'

    I7&$,,;@909",9#.C91.;69#"(E0*69A.7)IN9(0A*CE(0A.1#*7I U" 6 3 U % 0A ::: C .9(0A-397 ?3O"9(::::(C999 :::::(I N49#/0A#/*=#9(/0A*>IIN-90A"CE

    :::::(I%U"(.::::::*C997::99C%V .99#/* 3C C K;94!EI) ?*0-/0C90(999;-.0C(9.E - 0 - 94C 49-.0C9C99+99-690C ++9

    +;6EC:::9(0A*I) ##?/;'=#(/>C-P1398CC9.-94I)%#;*3!/;'=;9*/>099-2*C9-9-

    Alexandre Graham Bell em seu Laboratrio

    *.99S/-9(#9J9:::::-B90C9E90.+ %(.C99*C+..O9C*;''/;';5?;#?;9!/

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 7

    C E $;/;' =$9 />C 0 609#?/;';6

    :V0990;*3!/;'.E5/I) ? -. .E $ ' L :: E #9 06 94 C 3/0C#30I &?.-29.4.+0

    0 # 0 .E E # .E'%I CO(I C/*!/;';*3WC899.9 )C99 94# C /;';*3W 069.9969'I7%?6AC%VC

    99-4I)V

    +999II:/9..#94C3UII ? * (- ( ( 0AC - 99 :09::(/;';*3WE0#/,!II!/;';*3W-/0#9; %:

    9II?*0(C(9II7 ! /;';*3W9.N !!/;' !-1 /T-K.-5.9+09.

    5b- Padronizao e Normas

    =>:?1

    !.+C969C9P9..P-6

    ??O.B

    ; 9.99

    9000C(0

    .

    -.(8

    ' .090+9

    ;:

    ;.61-09.094C0C2

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 8

    9"C"909C01-C(+..E.P8CP-P9.

    %&?1

    9.E6-1.C9999.-9C9.!99.-06!E.

    9990C(+

    ?049B

    @AC9B

    @+=+9C> @09 5C(4.E 3-(-X 5.-

    @AC9B

    3 394 9 +9 3.9 599"9O !9. (+ #9

    N6-9.CEC9-99+O0949

    ?B1&

    L*3 )30A9E/0A&OY:YII)

    3 566-4.9Y9O0AE299E

    90A!9P.P06

    L*3: 30A9EY:YII%

    3 ;4-"09O0A9E

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 9

    L*3:: 30A9EY:YII%

    3 30+..9O60AC9900A

    L*3 30A9EY999O0AY:YII)

    3 ;6-4.9099O=(>0A9E;E999O0A

    L*37 30A0E90AO=?/!B;33!/!!,#?3?3!3>:Y:%YII

    3 ;99C+.-99O0AE90A!9P.P069P0C

    ++'-9+94

    ;C0EC+90--5

    367/&?E.".9-9.E+99-@-EE.".+9.".C

    (!.9-.0?-.0-6

    !99+9#9.9(94/?8.+99-E(0+F1+E=Z#9->5+F1ZY/!9C[E2."64+9(

    !9=[>

    /9=->

    #

    /Z9

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 10

    - +. E9.C"O C 4,0 +-(++.+9+9&$0-+.9+ 9 . 9 "6 4C " .=:>=>.90+ !.C-"C9:C+0"C+0--

    -O sinal digital caracteriza-se pela presena de pulsos nos quais a amplitude fixa.

    &R0/0C9.0AC((0ACOC

    (\]9\](#/0AB,-! 9(+ ) - 00A

    0-6B

    "% 9 0C

    0B^ Z =>Y C E 8 - ; . ::: -C4+9II%::90C+E.".?9- + 9 (

    + 0C . + -99 C0

    !%+ @09999. -9(0AC ?9 +-'---"A90$-

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 11

    +

    .EUH=9->

    ?899 60 .E 9C9 99 9-6? 9 . (C +

    (C 8 9C " 9. -C. 9 -C 0

    . 9 =9-> 0 4. 9 0AC9.9.(9"9 ?9(0A 9*'*#9C++0(C-.9(

    - + 0-C 0 -(C0299$.-BC99+8"0-0-C0."-.O0( %'%%'? 9 " .. 9-9.9(.!4 4 - 4.E+0..- ? E 9 9 E +

    9P8(!. 9 4. -8C 0. - + 4. E ( 8 - -)% #?9-=->+C9"-!+-C- # 6 9 0 6 => 0 -=->#0-8-C 0 064.9 9 C9E 0 - . 9 C + 9 9-006.8 O" (" 9 4 +9

    . -#3?*!3 = >C - =>+( ( .E ."-9? #3?*!3 0 #9C + 949C9EE.90

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 12

    "%#?0A.49!9.

    C - (. A + 99 9. .E 0M =9- 9> ; 9

    (##!"%' 2' 13

    ##!&/93!

    N # /0A #9 +9 . 9 . C 0 0 .9- =0M>C 9 + 99 9(C - -

    - . . ;.5EC9+ 0. C E " + . . #9( /0A ( 0A 6 . 9 ..-.B & ( 'B .C 9 ( 8 0+ ( 0+F10

    9 8

    &) !BO9C99-9+.+-E-C ( . - -. + " (9&$:!B0+6(@(+4-E-.9+(+O0&'/!;B#.9-.E:80+-0+FC. RO(-8C-

    ("0&

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 13

    $&6'()".90AB$%

    N 0A + -C969C--0--"0-C9"9%GC9(.9+! 9 . . 8 #9906=) :C) C) C) C>R8699

    C . - .E

    $ + 8 C -.E09.".9.8 " 9C- /C O 99 0 E99 2 ; 9 --0 ."

    =C969>.9."-=U3C*C#9C!C>

    *+ ?0 - 0A+9." -P

    609.E04C+9B" =E2>X =.E5T>-E=">

    ,- N3!0A.CO + C C0-C9C-#0!!/;'C993!B

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 14

    , 8- - @ (" 6 0AC99(9

    ?9 2 -

    9ECC9C 9 $K=$K>E69"0 - -.-"00

    6C999EC9+.099.0-,8-97A;939

    C.E !" $ +- 9 9"

    9";60 .E 8C 0 .- 90690;!"0 - 9 . 9969

    ,%-+(C-9 .E -9C OC 8 99

    E

    .%&60AC9+.=+4->0- - E " + (O . 9 - ; 9 E (

    0

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 15

    %'+2'+3#-C . . - 0 +9 -C .E -;E(.E - - E. . - 0 "-C OC +

    (-

    /%

    .

    ! 0 " 0AE0

    CO06(.

    -9E.E

    . "- .C ECK9C'(

    -C 9 E .E 9 9+ 9(0A .999.0+=> 5&6$ 9 . 0C 9( 0A E . 9 99B # #.C#K(C#9(-?#.9C90.?90? -( 0 + 0 E 9(C6!9(E0\]\](C99-(?E94-\:]\I]9=\_]\` ]>$.+1 . (6C9 . 9 R 0 9C 0+F1 .90\]\]!0+F1"6

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 16

    Freqncias enviadas pelo teclado.

    0%1? 9 0 9 0A9;019E!9E.9.O-C

    9-,!,$;',!!-E. 9C 00

    - .. , EC +9

    9C6;,!,3;K,/3? + O C 99 =#!->C..+90(-9!9EE++9-CC0941CC94940;904.C9 99C 0 6

    ,!,!#a/,#?09-P+P!-9909P?9"9-9"+0%? 4C DE=#;4?< ! ( 0A E 4 9 O 969O4;

    ? 4 ;?#=?9

    !

    $-9"

    $-90

    #06

    $60

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 17

    /0

    *+

    3(

    0%#&&45N90C+O4C99 4(C

    009O

    N9"C9OCO4-+.".909.."C4-990(C6+(E0

    N 9 "C + ( - ; " 4 P99O4C(- N90CO49OC00

    6+90-;9.+9

    !N9"COC9-90C9+9.+9

    !"#$%N 9 "C O 9 4C - 9 0 9 0 E - 94 9"-9"!9O49.-90

    ; E 9 "C C 1

    9-0"&'(; E O 9 4 0 O 4

    94.)&

    ; E 9- 9 + 9 O ( !C-E.E9O49

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 18

    0%? 4C DE=#;4?< ;F+! - ;? + 9 O =)> 0B 9

    .-C 0;CE

    9!0+F18 C-90+F1C\0+F1]\0+F16]-:>X- /9=*/>X- /(=3*/>X

  • Telecomunicaes Bsico Getlio Teruo Tateoki 19

    - /84.=@>X- #/+=,3>

    ,-.47#%