iniciativas de eficiência energética na Ásia e pacífico

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  • Japanese Business Alliance for Smart Energy Worldwidehttp://www.jase-w.org/englishJapans Challenge On Energy Conservation

    Good morning /good afternoon every one. Today we would like to explain about energy conservation situation, issues and challenges in Japan and also introduce several technologies from JASE-W companies. .

    *

  • 1. Energy Conservation in Japan

    m now, I would like to explain the situation of Energy conservation in Japan.*

  • SourceTotal Energy Statistics by ANRE/METIPrimary energy use per real GDP of Japan1973-2012 GDP: 2.4x Final Energy Consumption: 1.3x Industry 0.8x Commercial/ Residential 2.4x

    Transport 1.8x

    *

  • (millions kL of crude oil equivalent)*

    Transportation sectorCommercial sectorIndustry sectorResidential sector(JPY trillion)Sources: Comprehensive Energy Statistics and Annual Report on National Accounts. Value of 2013 are preliminary.

    Chart1

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    65.5%

    9.2%

    16.4%

    8.9%

    43.0%158 million kL

    20.6%76 million kL

    22.5%82 million kL

    14.0%51 million kL

    Real GDP197320132.5 Times

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  • Subsidize 1/3 of the total cost on purchasing energy-efficient equipment and repairing. Not only big companies factories but also small companies and offices such as hospitals utilize the subsidies.

    E.g.High efficiency heat-pomp High efficiency boiler Co-generationImage : Subsidy scope equipment*

    As one example of incentives, let me explain the subsidy mechanism of energy saving.We subsidize the one third of total cost for introducing energy efficient equipment and also subside cost for repairing the equipment for improving efficiency.This scheme is used by many big factories to introduce good furnaces transformer and air conditioners etc.But it is not limited to factories. It also covers buildings including hospitals and banks.

    Actually, half of the beneficiaries of this scheme is small size enterprises.*

  • Energy Conservation Law*Top Runner Program.Set energy efficiency standards for new buildings and houses.

    (will be mandatory for large-scale buildings to comply from 2017.) Requires companies to measure their energy consumption and report it to Government.

    3) Annual reports to the Government by business operators with 1,500 or more kl/yr energy consumption 15,000 manufacturing plants & officesReduction efforts of 1% per year

    2) Energy efficiency standards for buildings and houses1) Top runner standards for household appliances , equipment, automobiles etc.3) Periodic reports by freight carriers and consignersReduction efforts of 1% per year

    Industry sectorCommercial sectorResidential sectorTransportation sector

    In the regulation side, first let me explain the structure of Energy conservation law.

    This consists of three elements.

    The first one is top runner program. This is the regulation on equipment and electric appliances which are used mainly in households.

    The second one is to set energy efficiency standard for newly-built buildings and houses. The newly built buildings after 2017 are required to abide by the standard. We have decided to set the mandatory minimum standard on building and houses because residential sector is the next important target in order to achieve much higher energy efficiency.

    The last one is the requirement imposed on industry sector and commercial sectors to ask them to create a system in the organization to measure how the energy is used and report it to government.We set the reduction efforts goal to achieve 1% reduction per year although there is no penalty.*

  • Top Runner Program (1)*

    Fuel economy (km/L)standards setTarget fiscal year19km/L18km/L17km/L15km/L15km/L14km/L13km/L12km/L16Judgment made with weighted average for each product category. The program requiring manufacturers and importers to fulfill the efficiency targets within 3 to 10 years. Targets are set, based on currently commercialized products with best energy consumption efficiencies, namely top runner products. Encourages competition and innovation without price hike.

    Image of Top Runner Program

    Next, I would like to move on to top runner.

    The program is aimed at improving the energy efficiency of equipment and electric appliance used in household.

    This program requires manufacturers and importers of designated items to fulfill the efficiency target within certain period, which depend on items.

    The unique characteristic of this program is the way to set the efficiency target.It is decided based on the most energy efficient products among currently in the market.

    That is why we call it top-runner.

    This way of deciding the target can enable us to set realistic target but promote innovation activities of companies. We think it is very well balanced way of setting the target.

    *

  • Top Runner Program (2)

    31 equipment and materials are subject to the program, which cover approximately 70% of the energy consumption in household.*

    1. Passenger cars2. Trucks3. Air conditioners4. Television receivers5. Video tape recorders6. Lighting apparatuses7. Copying machines8. Computers9. Magnetic disk devices10. Electrical refrigerators11. Electrical freezers22. Routing equipment23. Switching equipment24. Multifunction Devices25. Printers26. Heat Pump Water Heater27. AC motors28. LED lumps29. Heat insulating materials30. Sashes31. Multi-Paned Glazing12. Heaters13. Gas cooking appliances 14. Gas water heating appliances 15. Oil water heaters16. Electric toilet seats17. Vending machines18. Power tansformer19. Jar rice cookers20. Microwave ovens21. DVD recordersIt also covers materials for building.

    31 equipment and materials are subject to the top runner program.

    It covers approximately 70% of energy consumption in household.

    28 among 31 items consume by themselves the electricity and energy.

    But, the last three items are materials for building although they do not consume energy by themselves. This is the new step for us.*

  • Top Runner Program (3)*

    We have achieved great result by the programs.*

  • Specific business operators (companies) are obliged to appoint Energy Manager under Energy Conservation Law in JapanQualification/certification (examination/seminar) of Energy Managers are performed by ECCJ

    Implementation of Energy Efficiency*

    Monitoring and recording of energy consumptionMaintenance of FacilitiesImprovement of operation, etc.

    Energy Manager(having qualified energy manager license)Government(METI)Simplified Image of Energy Management System under EC Law

    As I mentioned, certain companies are obliged to establish energy management system in the company under the energy conservation law.

    Especially, the key is that they need to appoint energy manager.ECCJ qualify and certify the energy manager as a professional.

    Energy Manager plays an central role for promoting energy management.*

  • Energy Saving after the Great East Japan Earthquake*Source : CRIEPIAchieved more than 15 % of Electricity Demand decrease in 2011 after the great east Japan Earthquake on March 11, 2011.

    This graph shows how much Japanese people reduced the electricity consumption after the Great East Japan Earthquake on March 11 2011.

    The horizontal axis shows the temperature the vertical axis shows the maximum electricity demand of Tokyo electricity company.

    Light blue dot is for a day in 2010. dark blue is for a day before the earthquake in 2011. The brown dot is for a day after the earthquake in 2011.

    After the earthquake and subsequent halt of nuclear power plants, companies and households tried to reduce electricity consumption and as a result 15% reduction has achieved.*

  • 2. Challenge in Japan*

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  • After the second Oil crisis in 1979, Japan has enacted Energy efficiency law, attained diversification of the energy generation with reduction of its dependency on external resources.

    *Conditions of surrounding energy

    201145%*

  • Total Electricity generation

    1,065TWhEnergy ConservationRenewable Energy=about 40%Energy conservation196TWh17%Electricity Demand981TWh

    Electricity generation mix actual resultsGDP growth1.7%/yearElectricity Demand967TWh

    loss form Electricity transmission etc,Hydro 8.89.2%Solar PV 7.9%Wind 1.7%Bioenergy3.74.6%Geothermal1.01.1%Total base load power ratio56%

    Renewable Energy2224%Nuclear 2220%LNG 27%Coal 26%Oil 3%Direction(1) To improve the self-sufficiency ratio to around 25% surpassing the level before the Earthquake.(2) To reduce the electricity costs lower than today.(3) To set a high-level GHG reduction goal compared with other developed countries to lead the world.Japans Energy Mix

    This graph shows Japans Energy Mix target for the year 2030, which METI released last year

    There were three directions by PM Abe before compiling this energy mix.First , we need to improve self-sufficiency ratio to around 25%, which surpasses the level before March 11 Earthquake.Second, we need to reduce electricity costs lower than t

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