historical cities - unit 2

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Historical Cities - Unit 2


  • Pontifcia Universidade Catlica de Minas Gerais Curso de Graduao em Letras- Ingls

    Este material foi preparado pelos alunos do oitavo perodo do Curso de Letras-Ingls da PUC Minas

    sob orientao da Professora Rosana Silva do Esprito Santo

  • Autores ........................................................................................ 3

    Organizao e superviso ............................................................. 3

    Unit 1.................................................................................. 4

    Teachers guide -Unit 1.... 25

    Test- Unit 1.. 31

    Answers 35

    Unit 2. 37

    Teachers guide- Unit 2... 65

    Test -Unit 2.. 73

    Answers 79

    Unit 3. 80

    Teachers guide -Unit 3... 97

    Test -Unit 3. . 103

    Answers 110

    Unit 4 . 113

    Teachers guide -Unit 4.. . 132

    Test -Unit 4 . 136

    Contato .............................................................................. 140

  • Autores: (Em ordem alfabtica)

    o Aracelle Caroline Fonseca Santos

    o Brbara Luiza de Souza Fernandes

    o Cristiano Martins Cardoso Almeida

    o Danielle Renata de Almeida

    o Francielle Nogueira Fernandes Teodoro

    o Joyce Cristina Alves Diniz

    o Leandro Sacramento Medeiros

    o Nathalia Cristine Santos Silva

    o Sebastiao Tiago de Oliveira

    o Ualisson Lemes da Costa

    Orientao :

    o Professora: Rosana Silva do Esprito Santo

  • UNIT 1

  • What are GREETINGS for you?

    Do you know anything about it?

    Write what you think they are and then discuss with your classmates. After the

    discussion, listen to the link and check if you were right or wrong:


    Meeting the Historical cities

    Warm up:

    Minas Gerais is the state which has the biggest number of historical cities in Brazil.

    Do you know what a historical city is? Explain

    Do you know any historical cities? Which?

    Which ones would you like to know?

    If you dont know any, we will introduce you two:


  • Sabara is a historical city 25 km away from Belo Horizonte, the state Capital. It is an

    old city and has lots of churches and museums from the Golden Age (time when Portugal explored gold and diamond from cities all over the state).Today Sabar has an

    important place in the Estrada Real project (reconstitution of the way people used to come from Rio de Janeiro to the cities in Minas to get gold and bring them food and

    other things).

    Curiosity: The entire name of the city is Sabarabuu, word from tupi- guarani, an

    Indian language and it means big bright mountain.


    Follow up:

    Put true or false to the following sentences about the text:

    _____ Sabar is far from Belo Horizonte.

    _____ The city has lots of churches and museums.

    _____Sabar is a new city

    _____Sabar doesnt belong to Estrada Real _____The city name comes from an Indian language.


    Simple present:

    The Simple Present is frequently used in English. It is also called Present Simple. Have

    a look at the following examples:

    1) Repeated actions (every day, always, often, sometimes or never)

    My friend often travels to Sabar

    I never go there on week days.

    2) Things in general

    The sun rises in the East.

    3) Fixed arrangements, scheduled events (e.g. timetable)

  • My uncle goes from Sabar to Belo Horizonte every day.

    4) Actions in the present - one follows after the other (first - then, after that)

    First I get up, then I have breakfast.

    5) Instructions

    Go to the old church and met me there.

    6) After special verbs, which are normally not used with the Present Progressive

    (These verbs express states, possessions, feelings etc.)

    be, believe, belong, hate, hear, like, love, mean, prefer, remain, realize, see, seem, smell,

    think, understand, want, wish

    I understand Portuguese.

    He doesn't like beans.


    Watch out!!!


    1) Fill in the verbs in brackets into the gaps.

    Example: He never writes a letter.

    In the affirmative, when the subjects are : he, she or it, we

    put s after the verb.

    Ex.: it means big bright mountain.

    In the negative and interrogative we use auxiliaries to help

    us. They are do and does. We use does for he, she and it

    and do for I , we you and they.

    Ex.: Do you know Sabar?

    She doesnt know any historical cities.

  • She ___________________ to lose weight. (to try)

    My aunt often _____________________on the streets. (to jump)

    2) Ask for the underlined part.

    Example: Lydia lives in Bulgaria. - Where does Lydia live?

    Pamela does not like soccer.________________________________________________

    He works 60 hours a week.________________________________________________

    3) Rewrite the sentences and use short forms or long forms.

    Example: He doesn't work in the garden. - He does not work in the garden.

    They are in the museum. _________________________________________

    He isn't from Minas Gerais._________________________________________

    4) Which answers are correct?

    a) Which actions are typical for the Simple Present?

    _____action started in the past and continues up to the present

    _____action took place in the past

    _____future meaning: timetables, programmes

    _____one action follows another

    _____something happens repeatedly

    _____something is happening at the same time of speaking

    _____things in general

    b) Which verb forms are correct?

    _______she agrees

    _______she annoys

    _______she cries

    _______she hurrys

    _______she kissis

    _______she rushes

    _______she teachs

    _______she worrys

  • 5) Negate the sentences.

    Example: He works on the computer. - He does not work on the computer.

    The banks close at 2 o'clock.___________________________________________

    Jane and Sue teach Spanish.___________________________________________

    Are you curious? More information:

    Jaboticaba is a Brazilian typical fruit. There are lots of Jaboticaba trees in Sabar. Thats why they have The Jaboticaba Festival: a festival in which people can meet and buy Jaboticaba and

    many other things made with it, such as liquors ,ice cream, jam and others. The Festival takes

    place in the city Sports Center in two days. This year it happens in November 15th and 16th

    from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    adapted from http://www.overmundo.com.br/agenda/xxii-festival-da-jabuticaba-de-sabaramg

    Role play

    * Read the dialog below in pairs. You can change the characters names if you want.


    Michelle:Who is this?

    Roberta:This is Roberta, can I speak to Michelle please?

    Michelle:Hey Beta! its me! Roberta:Hey Mih, How are you?

    Michelle: Fine thanks and you?

    Roberta: Fine too..what are you doing on Saturday?


    Roberta:Because I want to go to Jaboticabas Festival.Do you want to go with


    Michelle:Well, I dont know..Where is it? Roberta: Its in Sabar. My dad can pick you up. Michelle:When is it again? On Saturday right?

    Roberta:Right! Lets go? Michelle: Sure!

    Roberta:Ok,Ill pick you up at 1 p.m. at your house

  • Michelle:All right! See you then..


    Michelle: Bye!

    Its time to think!!!

    The words in red have something in common. Can you say what is it?

    They are called WH questions. They are special words used to make questions about

    everything .Each one has a function:



    Function Example

    what asking for information about


    What is your name?

    asking for repetition or confirmation What? I can't hear you.

    You did what?

    when asking about time When did he leave?

    where asking in or at what place or position Where do they live?

    which asking about choice Which colour do you want?

    who asking what or which person or people


    Who opened the door?

    why asking for reason, asking what...for Why do you say that?

    how asking about manner How does this work?

    asking about condition or quality How was your exam?

    how far distance How far is Pattaya from


    how long length (time or space) How long will it take?

    how old age How old are you?


  • Time for practice:

    * Make up questions using the sentence given + the WH question:

    1. The Festival is happening tomorrow.

    (when) _________________________________________

    2. Mr. Robertson came to Sabar alone.

    (who) __________________________________________

    3. Robertas father parked in the right side of the river.

    (where) ________________________________________

    4. That is a Jaboticaba.

    (what) __________________________________________

    5. Roberta called Michelle yesterday