Caderno Aluno 1s Vol1 2010 Reduzido

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Caro(a) aluno(a), Os conhecimentos produzidos pela humanidade ao longo da histria encontram-se registrados em textos orais e escritos, nas artes, nas cincias. Os contedos escolares so planejados para ajud-lo a compreender parte desses conhecimentos na expectativa de que voc possa, a partir deles, construir novos conhecimentos, criar formas solidrias de convivncia, respeitar valores, preservar o meio ambiente e o planeta. As aulas e as tarefas da escola so fundamentais para que voc conhea e compreenda nossa histria, as diversas culturas e suas formas de manifestao, os modos de pensar ao longo da histria, as formas de viver e conviver, os mtodos de fazer clculos e a diversidade do mundo das cincias e das artes... Com este Caderno, voc poder ampliar suas possibilidades de reflexo sobre a vida e as relaes humanas, que se expressam de diferentes maneiras no cotidiano e nas obras literrias e artsticas, o que lhe permitir apreciar e aproveitar os benefcios do conhecimento. Familiarizar-se com as diferentes linguagens e saber us-las adequadamente dar sentido s relaes que estabelecemos com o outro e com o mundo que nos cerca. Quando nos expressamos por meio de textos orais, escritos, imagticos, sonoros e corporais, construmos cultura e nos apropriamos de suas manifestaes, alm de atuarmos como sujeitos produtivos na sociedade contempornea. Aprender exige esforo e dedicao, mas tambm envolve curiosidade e criatividade, que estimulam a troca de ideias e conhecimentos. Por isso, sugerimos que voc participe das aulas, observe as explicaes do professor, faa anotaes, exponha suas dvidas, no tenha vergonha de fazer perguntas, procure respostas e d sua opinio. Caso as tarefas lhe paream excessivas, tente priorizar algumas delas e faa um pouco por dia para que os exerccios no se acumulem.

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Assuma o compromisso de finalizar as tarefas, uma vez comeadas. No tenha receio de expor ao professor e aos colegas suas dvidas e dificuldades, porque a troca de ideias fundamental para a construo do conhecimento. Errar tambm faz parte do aprendizado. Portanto, pea ajuda ao professor e aos colegas sempre que considerar a tarefa muito difcil. Elabore uma agenda para fazer seus trabalhos e atividades. Escolha um lugar adequado, onde voc no se distraia quando estiver fazendo as tarefas. Estabelea objetivos e comece pelos trabalhos mais exigentes. Faa breves intervalos durante o estudo para no ficar exausto. Esperamos que, assim, voc se sinta realizado e recompensado e possa refletir sobre o quanto aprendeu com este Caderno.Coordenadoria de Estudos e Normas Pedaggicas CENP Secretaria da Educao do Estado de So Paulo Equipe Tcnica de Linguagens e Cdigos

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EXPLORATIONSVamos explorar este material juntos? Folheie seu Caderno rapidamente para encontrar as respostas que completam as frases a seguir. 1. Eu encontro uma lista das competncias e habilidades deste volume na pgina 2. O ttulo da Situated Learning 1 3. A Situated Learning 2 comea na pgina 4. A Situated Learning 3 tem pginas. . e . . . .

5. Nas sees Homework: Focus on Language, eu encontro 6. Textos retirados de um site esto nas pginas 7. A pgina

mostra bandeiras de pases estrangeiros.

8. Eu encontro espao para escrever o rascunho de um texto ( first draft ) na Situated Learning . 9. A seo Learn to learn est nas pginas aprender ingls. 10. Em Learn more, eu encontro dicas de 11. Na seo chamada neste Caderno. 12. Eu posso consultar a seo e l eu encontro dicas sobre como . , eu vou registrar o vocabulrio que aprendi quando tiver dvidas sobre gramtica.

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LEARNING TARGETSEnglish around the world: cultural interactions Neste Caderno, voc far atividades que vo ajud-lo a: 1. descobrir em que pases a lngua inglesa falada como lngua oficial. 2. Compreender por que a lngua inglesa considerada uma lngua internacional. 3. reconhecer o gnero de um texto. 4. localizar informaes especficas em um texto. 5. levantar hipteses sobre o assunto de um texto e verific-las a partir da leitura. 6. Identificar palavras cognatas ou emprestadas da lngua inglesa para compreender um texto. 7. Escrever um texto informativo sobre um programa de estudos interculturais. 8. Trabalhar em equipe, assumindo funes e contribuindo para o trabalho em grupo. 9. reconhecer o uso do tempo verbal simple present. 10. reconhecer o uso do tempo verbal simple past. 11. reconhecer os usos de algumas preposies em contexto, por exemplo: respect for, based on, adopted at, threatened by. 12. reconhecer o uso das palavras consequently, when e before.

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SITUAO DE APRENDIZAGEM FIGUrES WHErE ENGlISH IS SPOKEN: FACTS ANd

SITUATEd lEArNING 1

1. Work in groups. In Portuguese, discuss the questions. Study the flags below. They all represent countries where English is spoken as a first language. do you know their names? a) b) Claudio Ripinskas

c)

d)

e)

f)

g)

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2. read the table quickly. What is it about? English and Portuguese in the world EnglishCountries United States United Kingdom Canada Australia New Zealand Ireland TOTAl Population % of native Native (million) speakers speakers 286 59 32 20 4 4 405 86 97 63 85 95 95 246 57 20 17 3.8 3.8 347.6 TOTAl 217.1 196.8 Countries Brazil Portugal Angola Mozambique

PortuguesePopulation (million) 175 10 13.5 18.6 % of native speakers 100 100 60 20 Native speakers 175 10 8.1 3.7

Fonte: SCHTZ, ricardo. O Ingls e o Portugus no mundo. English made in Brazil. disponvel em: . Acesso em: 29 set. 2009.

3. read the table again. Complete the information below: a) Total of native speakers of English: b) Percentage of native speakers of English in Canada: c) Country with the highest percentage of English native speakers: d) Country with the lowest percentage of native speakers of English: e) Countries where the whole population has only one native language: Nota: no quadro, h indicao de que 100% da populao, tanto do Brasil quanto de Portugal, so falantes da lngua portuguesa. Esse dado desconsidera o fato de que, no Brasil, estima-se que haja pelo menos 180 lnguas indgenas. Em Portugal, o mirands, falado no norte do pas, foi reconhecido como lngua em 1999.6

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4. Work in groups. In Portuguese, discuss the questions below. a) What is the other language Canadians speak? do you know why?

b) Why dont all the people in the USA speak English?

c) do you know any countries where English is spoken as a second language?

d) Why is English considered an international language?

e) What are the differences between American and British English varieties?

5. read the text below to find out if your answers to the questions in Activity 4 are right. You may not find all the answers.

The International Language: English! English is present in our daily lives. If you have access to the Internet, most of the information there is in English: if you like listening to pop songs, lots of them are in English; if you go to the cinema, most film productions are in English; in other words, we are in contact with English all the time. There are about 700 million speakers of English around the world. In some countries it is the first language, like in the USA and the United Kingdom. In Canada, for example, people speak English and French as official languages. In other countries like South Africa, Pakistan and India, it is the second official language. And we cannot forget people who need to speak the language for professional reasons: the world of science and business uses English as a means of communication. In this sense, English is considered a lingua franca. But is the language the same in all these contexts of use? Of course not. There are many different kinds of English. For example, a British person would call a taxi to go home, but an American would call a cab; a student at school in the USA uses an eraser, whereas a school boy in England uses a rubber. And an American inside a bank waits in line, whereas a British waits in a queue.7

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HOMEWORK : FOCUS ON lANGUAGE 1

1. Study the table. Then read the situations and choose the correct answer. Claudio Ripinskas

AMERICAN X BRITISH ENGLISH: VOCABULARY VARIETIES AMErICAN ENGlISH BrITISH ENGlISH

elevator

lift

faucet

tap

cookies

biscuits

stove

cooker

check

bill

refrigerator

fridge

movie theater

cinema

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a) My stepfather Mike is from New York, US. He loves going to the movie theater . His favorite genres are comedies and thrillers. b) Peter and I were born in london, UK. We live in a small flat downtown. The building is not high, so it doesnt have a . We dont like climbing up the stairs very much. c) Jeremy is staying with his cousins in California, USA. The eldest one asked him this morning, Would you like some ? and he said, Yes, of course. I prefer the chocolate ones. d) debbie is from liverpool, England, but now she lives in Florida, US. At the beginning it was difficult for her to understand some words American people use. In restaurants, for instance, Americans always ask for the when they want to pay for the meal and go home. e) Tommy is going to get married soon. His American friends wrote to him asking what present he would prefer: a or a . 2. Study the code and break it to discover 5 (five) names of countries where English is an official language. A= B= C= D= a) India b) c) d) e) f) # E= F= G= H= # I= J= K= L= + ? M= N=# O=+ P= Q= R=? S= T= U= V= W= X= Y= Z=

+

9

#

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3. Study the chart to understand how to make questions in English. Question word Yes/No questions Information questions XXX Why Auxiliary verb do dont Subject you all the people in the USA Subject you the other language your mom and dad? Information speak any foreign languages? speak English?

Question word Yes/No questions Information questions XXX What How old

Verb to be Are is are

Information from Jamaica? Canadians speak? xxxxx

Now choose the correct alternative to complete the rules: a) Yes/No questions begin with b) Information questions begin with ( ( ) a question word. ( ) a question word. ( ) a verb. ) a verb.

4. Make questions using the words given below. Pay attention to punctuation. a) linda / German / does / speak Does Linda speak German? b) languages / Peter / do / how many / speak / and / Tom

c) you / why / from California / move / did

d) Monicas husband / French / study / does

e) Steven / how old / Mark / and / are10

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FOr FUN A visitor from Holland was chatting with his American friend and was jokingly explaining about red, white and blue in the Netherlands flag. Our flag symbolizes our taxes, he said. We get red when we talk about them, white when we get our tax bill, and blue after we pay them. Thats the same with us, the American said, only we see stars, too.

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SITUATEd lEArNING 2 SITUAO DE APRENDIZAGEM INTErCUlTUrAl STUdIES 1

1. Study the text below. What kind of text is it? What is it about?

WHAT WE DOCustom Search Search

AFS Statement of PurposeAFS is an international, voluntary, non-governmental, non-profit organization that provides intercultural learning opportunities to help people develop the knowledge, skills and understanding needed to create a more just and peaceful world. The Core Values and Attributes of AFS AFS enables people to act as responsible global citizens working for peace and understanding in a diverse world. It acknowledges that peace is a dynamic concept threatened by injustice, inequity and intolerance.

Getting Involved With AFSHigh School Community Service Hosting Volunteering

WHAT seeks to affirm faith in the dignity and worth of every human being WE DO AFSand of all nations and cultures. It encourages respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms without distinction as to race, sex, language, religion AFSsocial status. Statement of Purpose or

gLearn About AFSWhat We Do AFS Around the World Our 90 Year History Our 2010 Vision Benefits of Intercultural Study Safety and Risk Management

AFS isharmony, sensitivity and tolerance. voluntary, non-governmental, non-profit an international, ences, organization that provides intercultural learning opportunities to help people Adopted at the 1993 World Congress. develop the knowledge, skills and understanding needed to create a more just and peaceful world. The Core Values and Attributes of AFS AFS enables people to act as responsible global citizens working for peace and understanding in a diverse world. It acknowledges that peace is a dynamic concept threatened by injustice, inequity and intolerance. AFS seeks to affirm faith in the dignity and worth of every human being and of all nations and cultures. It encourages respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms without distinction as to race, sex, language, religion or social status. AFS activities are based on our core values of dignity, respect for differences, harmony, sensitivity and tolerance. Adopted at the 1993 World Congress.disponvel em: . Acesso em: 29 set. 2009.

AFS activities are based on our core values of dignity, respect for differ-

AFS News AFS in the Schools AFS Research & Education FIND an AFSer Supporting AFS Useful Resources

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2. read the text quickly. Where can you find information about: a) the future expectations of AFS?

b) the past of the organization?

c) the way we can participate in the program?

d) the countries where AFS is present?

3. Match the ideas in A with the items in B. A a) human values b) peace c) human rights d) sensitivity B ( ) race, sex, religion, social status, language ( ) tolerance, justice and harmony ( ) emotion, feelings, sentiment ( ) dignity and respect

4. read the text carefully. Answer the questions in Portuguese. a) What is AFS?

b) The text indicates three things that can threaten peace. What are they?

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c) The activities in AFS are based on some values. What are they?

5. Study the sentences taken from the text. Complete the gaps. a) understanding b) concept threatened c) AFS activities are based d) respect e) adopted differences the 1993 World Congress a diverse world injustice our core values

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HOMEWORK : FOCUS ON lANGUAGE 2

1. Go back to the text in Situated learning 2, Activity 1. read the instructions below and do what is asked. a) Find in the text the noun for the verb to organize. organization b) Find in the text a word in English for aprendizagem.

c) Find in the text the noun for the verb to understand.

d) Find in the text a synonym for offers.

e) Find in the text the opposite of equity.

f ) Find in the text the verb for the word creation.

2. read the text and fill in the gaps with the correct preposition. refer to the Instant language section for help. of When I first arrived in Australia to learn English, I was afraid (a) making mistakes the culture and habits of Australians or not having friends. I was interested (b) but, you know, I was alone and I had never been abroad before. My first classes at school making myself understood, even with my were cool and I think I succeeded (c) making conversation poor English. Now, after two weeks, I guess Im good (d) starting a good chat with with all my classmates and I am never, never tired (e) our own effort! anybody I meet. learning a foreign language depends a lot (f ) (Elisa, 15) 3. Study the uses of -ing in the Instant Language section. Then read the following sentences and choose the correct form. a) Michael would love to travel / travelling to South Africa to learn English.15

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b) Sandra doesnt want to stay / staying away from home for a long time. She is staying in Belize for only a month. c) I am looking forward to meet / meeting new people in my intercultural exchange program in Canada. Im sure it will be exciting. d) There were lots of options to choose from, but Kelly chose to go / going to the United Kingdom to learn English. e) When Betsy has time to travel, she always goes to warm places because she cant stand be / being in cold places. 4. Complete the sentences with the -ing or the infinitive form of the verbs in parentheses. refer to the Instant language section for help. a) John refused him all right. to change (change) his host family. They were incredible and treated (talk) to her

b) When Carol was away studying German, her family missed every day. c) Why did you give up d) Henry cant afford

(work) at the International School of languages? (study) abroad. He needs a scholarship. (call)

e) If you decide to travel around Germany, I want you to promise every week. FOr FUN At the English class, the instructor asked a question to a German student, Hans, can you make a sentence in English using colors, please? The student thought for a while and then said, The phone, it went green, green, green, I pink it up and said, yellow?

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?

!

SITUAO DE APRENDIZAGEM INTErCUlTUrAl STUdIES 2

SITUATEd lEArNING 3

1. read the text AFS Benefits of Intercultural Study. Answer the questions in Portuguese.

Benefits of Intercultural StudyWhat can you learn from an AFS experience?Mexico did something to me, and to everyone else who came to Benito Jurez that fall. I did not become a new person. I am not even sure I want to say I changed. I did get a new dimension to my life, and a broader foundation to balance on when making my perceptions of the world. Vilde Michelsen Vryvik, Norwegian AFS student to Mexico. My time in Germany taught me the value of asking questions, and of learning their true, if harsh, answers. Germany has changed, in my eyes, from a land of Bier und Bratwurst to one of sincere people, whose attitudes and perceptions reflect their history. Consequently, I now realize that every country on earth is undoubtedly worthy of exploration and understanding. Alexis Duecker, U.S. AFS student to Germany. Before leaving for Italy, I constantly worried whether Id be laughed at, whether Id fit in. I now realize how silly I was.

Benefits of Intercultural StudyHo Chui Ping, Malaysian AFS student to Italy.

These three young women are the winners of the 2007AFS My Different View essay contest. Read their essays and those of other former AFS participants at My Different View.

WhatWe relateyou learn from similar. We learnexperience? we are can to each other because we are an AFS from each other because different.

Mexico did something to me, and to everyone else who came to Benito Jurez that fall. I did not become a new person. I am not even sure I want to say I changed. I did get a new dimension to my life, and a broader foundation to balance on when making my perceptions of the world. Vilde Michelsen Vryvik, Norwegian AFS student to Mexico. My time in Germany taught me the value of asking questions, and of learning their true, if harsh, answers. Germany has changed, in my eyes, from a land of Bier und Bratwurst to one of sincere people, whose attitudes and perceptions reflect their history. Consequently, I now realize that every country on earth is undoubtedly worthy of exploration and understanding. Alexis Duecker, U.S. AFS student to Germany. Before leaving for Italy, I constantly worried whether Id be laughed at, whether Id fit in. Now I realize how silly I was. Ho Chui Ping, Malaysian AFS student to Italy. These three young women are the winners of the 2007 AFS My Different View essay contest. Read their essays and those of other former AFS participants at My Different View. We relate to each other because we are similar. We learn from each other because we are different.disponvel em: . Acesso em: 29 set. 2009.

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a) In the text we find testimonials written by students who joined the program. How many are there? What are their names?

b) Are the testimonials written by boys or girls? Where are they from? Where did they study?

c) What is the 2007 AFS my different view? Where can you find the essays/texts?

2. Work in groups. In Portuguese, discuss the following statement: We relate to each other because we are similar. We learn from each other because we are different.

3. The sentences below are taken from the text. Find them and complete the gaps. a) I am not even sure I b) My time in Germany to say I .

me the value of asking questions.19

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c) Now I

how silly I

.

something to me, and to everyone else who d) Mexico to Benito Jurez that fall. 4. Complete the gaps using a simple present or simple past form of the verbs in parentheses.From To Subject

Hi, My name _____ (be) Silvia and I am learning English in Guyana, South America. I _______ (come) to this country with the help of AFS international, and Im enjoying the visit a lot. I __________ (arrive) two weeks ago and at first it _________ (be) difficult because I _______ (feel) unhappy without my friends and family near me. But I quickly ________ (make) friends and people here _______ (be) so nice and friendly. I __________ (study) English every day and __________ (help) my host family. I _______________ (not speak) English fluently, but I ________ (want) to learn it. It is a great experience for me! Best wishes, Silvia

5. read the sentences below. Underline the correct option. a) dont forget to turn off the lights consequently / before you leave the bedroom. b) When / Consequently I arrive at home, I will study for the test. c) When / Before I go to bed, I always brush my teeth. d) It was raining a lot yesterday. Consequently / Before, I stayed at home and watched TV.20

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HOMEWORK : FOCUS ON lANGUAGE 3 1. Fill in the gaps in the dialogues with the words in the box. They are all taken from the text in Situated learning 3, Activity 1. realize fall worthy fit in sure harsh a) Sam: Any plans for the summer holidays? Vicky: Id like to visit my grandpa in Florida, but I think Id rather go there in the b) Tim: Joey, have you seen my glasses? Joey: Why? do I have to know where everything you lose is?! Tim: Ok, man, you dont need to give me a to trouble you c) Glenn: Was it your first time in Paris, Sue? Sue: No, Id been there a couple of times before. But now I exotic places there are in the city and nobody knows about them. d) robbie: I cant find my keys anywhere! Paul: Have you looked under the sofa? robbie: Yes. I am I left them on the TV but now theyre gone. how many answer. Sorry, Im not going fall .

e) Zac: You must be excited about the trip to Japan, laureen. laureen: Yes, I really am but also kind of worried. Zac: Worried about what? laureen: You know, the language, the culture. Although I am of Japanese descent, I dont . know if I will f ) Joe: Youve come back from Brazil real different, laura. laura: do you think so? The country is so huge and fascinating. Brazil is of exploration.21

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2. Study the sentences. Match the beginnings in column A and the endings in column B. refer to the item Linking Words in the Instant language section for help. A First I reviewed all the activities The car crash was awful! Have a safe return! let me know Talk to your teacher We tried to call you several times. B ( ) if you need extra activities. ( ) However, we didnt get any answer. ( ) and then I took the test and did it well. ( ) when you get back home. ( ) In addition, students learn spoken language skills very fast.

a) b) c) d) e) f)

Intercultural exchange programs are good opportunities to grow up. ( ) Fortunately, nobody was hurt.

3. read the e-mail and fill in the gaps with the past simple form of the verbs in parentheses.From To Subjectalextin_44@hit.com phoebbe_liu@engels.com intercultural studies

Hi, Phee! Hope you are well. My trip to Mexico (a) was (be) fantastic. I (b) (come) back home (miss)

last Saturday and everybody was really eager to see me. I also (c) (d) (call) me yesterday and started talking in Spanish. I (e)

them a lot while I was in Guadalajara, so now its time for the family. My cousin Elvis (speak) fluently with him and I (f ) Write me soon. Take care! Alex (get) really happy with myself .

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4. read the sentences and circle the correct auxiliary verb. a) luke: Do / Did you see Emily at the disco last night? Adam: No, I dont / didnt. I think she was not around when I got there. b) The undergraduate students at university dont / doesnt have to leave the campus in order to eat lunch. They can use the university restaurant. c) When I was a child I dont / didnt use to eat fruit and vegetables, but now I do / did. d) Why doesnt / dont Becky stay with us? We have a spare room for her at home. It will be nice to have her in. e) Michael: How many bottles of fizzy water did / does Alison get at the market? Hope: About 4 or 5. Why? Michael: We need a lot more than that. Didnt / Dont you tell her? FOr FUN

English is very strange... Didyouknowthatthewordverbisanoun? Whyisabbreviationsuchalongword? WhyiscrazymananinsultwhileCrazy,man! is a compliment? Ifyousayonemouse,twomiceandonelouse,twolice, why isnt it one house, two hice?

Louse: a very unpleasant person who does nasty, dishonorable things. Also: an insect that lives on the hair or skin of people or animals (piolho).

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SITUAO DE APRENDIZAGEM IN BrAZIl AN INTErCUlTUrAl STUdY PrOGrAM

SITUATEd lEArNING 4

1. Imagine the following situation: you work for an Exchange Student Office in Brazil and have to write the content for their web page in English. You need to write a section about the advantages of coming to Brazil to study! Think about learning opportunities, peoples culture, habits, etc. Write a list with your ideas.

2. Now, get in small groups and compare your lists. Organize the ideas into topics and write them down in the lines below. PEOPlE

lANGUAGE

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HABITS

TrAdITIONS

OTHEr

3. First draft: still in groups, compare your notes and put your ideas together to complement the description. Example: In Brazil, people are very nice. You can make lots of friends and learn a lot of different things! Because the country is so big, there are several cultural traditions. In the north, there is a festival called bumba-meu-boi or boi-bumb.

draft = rascunho

Write your draft in the lines that follow. Then ask your teacher to check it!

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4. Editing: can you correct the mistakes your teacher indicated? Are there any other changes you can make to improve your text? 5. Now produce the final version of your text. remember that it should look like a web page! Use illustrations or photos from your city and from Brazil. After your text is finished, show it to your classmates or have a school exhibition.

AN INTErCUlTUrAl STUdY PrOGrAM IN BrAZIl

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LEARN TO LEARNUsing a bilingual dictionary Aqui voc vai aprender um pouco mais sobre como usar o dicionrio para estudar ingls. Material necessrio: vamos precisar de um dicionrio bilngue (ingls-portugus-ingls). Obs.: se voc no tiver um dicionrio, use o da biblioteca da sua escola ou pea um emprestado a um colega ou parente. 1. Um verbete de dicionrio contm vrias informaes alm dos significados de uma palavra: a classe gramatical qual a palavra pertence, diferentes contextos de uso e formas flexionadas, entre outras. Estude os verbetes abaixo. work /w:rk/ 1 s [no contvel] trabalho: to go to work ir para o trabalho 2 s obra: the complete works of Dante as obras completas de dante 3 vi (pret, pp worked) trabalhar: to work as a clerk trabalhar como balconista 4 vi (mec) funcionar: the watch isnt working o relgio no est funcionando 5 adj working de trabalho: working hours horrio de trabalho.

trabalho sm 1 work: trabalho pesado hard work 2 (emprego) job: tenho dois trabalhos I have two jobs trabalho bem pago well-paid job 3 (na escola) assignment, project: fazer um trabalho de histria to do a history assignment / project. Agora, decida se as afirmaes abaixo so verdadeiras ou falsas. Corrija as afirmaes falsas. a) A palavra work s pode ser usada como verbo em ingls.

b) Worked pode ser o pretrito e o particpio passado do verbo work.

c) A frase He has two works equivale, em portugus, a Ele tem dois trabalhos.

d) Em ingls, a palavra equivalente a trabalho no contexto escolar diferente da palavra trabalho no sentido de emprego.28

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2. As variantes lingusticas dominantes do ingls (o ingls americano e o ingls britnico) tambm aparecem indicadas em vrios dicionrios. Estude os verbetes abaixo. taxi /tksi/ 1 s (tb taxicab, esp USA cab) txi 2 vi (part pres taxiing) (Aeronut) taxiar.

apartment /partmnt/ (GB tb flat) s apartamento. Agora complete: Na variante americana, a palavra em ingls equivalente a txi Na variante britnica, a palavra em ingls equivalente a apartamento 3. Explore o dicionrio. Procure as palavras indicadas abaixo e responda s perguntas: a) Procure a palavra CHECKErS. O que ela significa? H alguma indicao sobre a qual variante do ingls ela pertence? . .

b) Procure a palavra MOVE. Ela varia de classe gramatical? H contextos de uso diferentes para essa palavra?

Think about it!Voc conhece palavras ou expresses que tm sentidos diferentes no portugus falado no Brasil e no portugus falado em Portugal?

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VOCABULARY LOG Aqui voc vai registrar o vocabulrio que aprendeu nas Situated Learning 1, 2 e 3. Escolha duas palavras ou expresses de cada situao e escreva cada uma delas no campo 1 (my word or expression). No campo 2 (Definition or translation), voc anota uma definio ou traduo para a palavra. depois, no campo 3 (Association, example or picture), escreva algo ligado primeira palavra ou um exemplo; voc tambm pode fazer uma ilustrao nesse espao. No campo 4 (Sentence from the text), voc anota a frase em que a palavra apareceu no Caderno.Situated learning 1

Sentence from the text

Situated learning 1

Sentence from the text

Situated learning 2

Sentence from the text

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Situated learning 2

Sentence from the text

Situated learning 3

Sentence from the text

Situated learning 3

Sentence from the text

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LEARN MOREPara aprender mais sobre os contedos deste Caderno, sugerimos uma lista de msicas (songs), sites e filmes (films) com os quais voc pode ampliar suas oportunidades de aprender ingls. Songs Para encontrar as letras das msicas sugeridas, basta escrever o ttulo, o nome do artista e a palavra lyrics em seu site de busca preferido. Englishman in New York (Sting). Beautiful Day (U2). Orinoco Flow (Enya). Sites S obreculturaelnguainglesa,acesse.Acessoem:29 set. 2009. arainformaesgeraissobrepasesquefalamalnguainglesa,acesse. Acesso em: 29 set. 2009. P arainformaessobrealnguainglesa(pronncia,histria),acesse. Acesso em: 29 set. 2009. P arainformaessobreprogramadeintercmbiocultural,acesse.Acesso em: 29 set. 2009. O programa tem comits no Brasil e oferece intercmbios em escolas pblicas e particulares, inclusive com bolsas de estudos. Films Espangls (Spanglish). direo: James l. Brooks. EUA, 2004. 111 min. 12 anos. Trata das dificuldades de comunicao e do conflito cultural entre uma recm-chegada, falante do espanhol, aos EUA e seu patro, um norte-americano vivido por Adam Sandler. Esta comdia oferece muitas passagens interessantes para refletir sobre a comunicao entre falantes de lnguas diferentes e a possibilidade de intercompreenso. O Terminal (The Terminal). direo: Steven Spielberg. EUA, 2004. 129 min. 12 anos. Neste misto de drama e comdia, Tom Hanks um europeu que mora em um pas fictcio na Europa oriental e fala uma lngua estranha. Ao viajar para os EUA, sem falar ingls, vive a situao incmoda de ter de morar em um aeroporto, em virtude de problemas com sua entrada no pas. Voc pode fazer boas reflexes sobre como podemos (e tentamos) nos comunicar mesmo sem falarmos fluentemente uma lngua estrangeira.32

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INSTANT LANGUAGENesta seo de seu Caderno, voc encontra alguns contedos lingusticos sistematizados em tabelas para auxili-lo em seu trajeto de aprendizagem da lngua Inglesa. Voc pode usar essas tabelas como um material de referncia e consult-las mesmo quando estiver usando outros Cadernos e at estudando em outras sries do Ensino Mdio! Some uses of -ING forms in English Progressive form of verbs: Verbs after prepositions: Adjective: Noun: You are working very hard. She is thinking about taking a trip to Germany. She looks forward to meeting you. Jamaica is an English-speaking country. Swimming is good for your health.

Most verbs are followed by infinitives She wants to go home. He promised to talk to you. I need to see you. They chose to travel by train. She refused to see the doctor. They cant afford to buy a new house.

Some verbs are followed by -ING I enjoy travelling. She has given up smoking. They couldnt help crying. I cant stand listening to punk music. She feels like dancing. They wont mind explaining the situation again. I miss talking to you.

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Some verbs can be followed by -ING or infinitives with no significant difference in meaning She loves walking. (or) She loves to walk. I hate talking on the phone. (or) I hate to talk on the phone. They started fighting. (or) They started to fight. I like reading. (or) I like to read. (*)(*) Be careful! Would like is always followed by the infinitive: I would like to live abroad.

Some verbs can be followed by -ING or infinitives with different meanings He stopped to count the stars. (He stopped the action he was performing to start doing something different.) He stopped counting the stars. (He stopped the action he was performing.) I remember going to a lot of parties. (refers to the past, to things that I did.) I will remember to bring all your books back. (refers to what I still have to do.)

Collocations Adjectives + prepositions Verbs + prepositions afraid of interested in good at tired of excited about worried about depend on succeed in listen to belong to wait for thank for

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Linking words Addition: and, in addition, whats more Contrast: fortunately, unfortunately, however Consequence: so, as a consequence, thus Condition: if, whether Time: then, when, as soon as

Simple Present Affirmative I work... You work... He works... She works... It works... We work... You work... They work... Negative I dont work... You dont work... He doesnt work... She doesnt work... It doesnt work... We dont work... You dont work... They dont work... Interrogative do I work...? do you work...? does he work...? does she work...? does it work...? do we work...? do you work...? do they work...?

Simple Past Affirmative I worked... You worked... He worked... She worked... It worked... We worked... You worked... They worked... Negative I didnt work... You didnt work... He didnt work... She didnt work... It didnt work... We didnt work... You didnt work... They didnt work...35

Interrogative did I work...? did you work...? did he work...? did she work...? did it work...? did we work...? did you work...? did they work...?

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Some irregular verbs BASE FORM be become build buy do drink eat fall get give go have make meet read see send speak spend take tell wear write PAST was, were became built bought did drank ate fell got gave went had made met read saw sent spoke spent took told wore wrote PARTICIPLE been become built bought done drunk eaten fallen got, gotten given gone had made met read seen sent spoken spent taken told worn written

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SELF-ASSESSMENTreleia a lista de expectativas de aprendizagem na seo Learning Targets. Em seguida, folheie seu Caderno e procure relacionar essas expectativas s atividades que voc realizou. Por fim, registre, nas linhas a seguir, o que voc j sabia, o que voc aprendeu e o que voc gostaria de aprender mais nos prximos meses!

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